WHO monitors global access and use of sanitation (including open defecation, basic, limited and safely managed services) in households, schools and health facilities through the WHO/Unicef Joint Monitoring programme (JMP) and also monitors the enabling environment for sanitation services through the UN-Water global analysis and assessment of sanitation and drinking-water (GLAAS). WHO also supports global progress towards universal access and use of safe sanitation through the WHO Guidelines on Sanitation and Health and sanitation safety planning implementation working with a wider range of national governments and international development partners. WHO also interfaces with health programmes where sanitation plays a key role in primary prevention especially neglected tropical diseases (soil transmitted helminths, schistosomiasis and lymphatic filariasis), antimicrobial resistance and polio containment.
UNISDR makes available appropriate and applicable knowledge, providing policy guidance and tools to countries to support their efforts to reduce disaster risk, contributing to water-related SDGs 6, 11, 13 and 15. Among these tools stands out the Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR), a biennial global assessment of disaster risk reduction and a comprehensive review and analysis of the hazards that are affecting humanity. UNISDR explicitly develops the GAR as a research, advocacy and policy engagement initiative in partnership with leading research institutions, national and regional organisations, and UN partners. The wealth of knowledge generated through the GAR and related research will be taken up and used for the development of forward-thinking and strategic policy guidance in relation to key and emerging themes in disaster risk reduction, including climate change and sustainable development, water, ecosystems, gender, urbanisation and others.
Currently, UNEP and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) are working together on more than 30 projects, assisting over 50 countries to battle environmental degradation, secure water resources and negotiate and implement the data-based policies needed to ensure a sustainable future for all.
The UNEP Global Environment Monitoring System for freshwater (GEMS/Water) Data Center. Its objectives include collecting, controlling and providing water quality monitoring data and products for regional and global water quality assessments and decision-making on the subject. The Data Centre maintains the global water quality database and information system, GEMStat. GEMS/Water supports the SDG 6 with methodology support, data management, quality assurance, indicator calculation and capacity development.