In approaching the 2030 Agenda with a dedicated goal on water and sanitation, it was recognized that the sector at large would require a coherent monitoring framework, with improved data collection and analysis.
JMP and GLAAS were already tracking progress for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (SDG targets 6.1 and 6.2, and part of 6.a and 6.b), but the many initiatives that monitored different aspects of the management of water, wastewater and ecosystem resources (SDG targets 6.3 to 6.6) lacked a coherent global mechanism.
To meet this need, GEMI was established in 2014 as an inter-agency initiative composed of UNECE, UN Environment, UN-Habitat, UNICEF, FAO, UNESCO, WHO and WMO. GEMI is part of the UN-Water Integrated Monitoring Initiative for SDG 6.
GEMI’s focus is to integrate and expand existing monitoring efforts on wastewater treatment and water quality (6.3.2), water use (6.4.1) and scarcity (6.4.2), integrated water resources management (6.5.1) including transboundary cooperation (6.5.2) and water-related ecosystems (6.6.1). Since these indicators are new at the global scale, they are associated with a great need for awareness-raising and capacity building at all levels. The baseline reports for SDG targets 6.3 to 6.6 was published in 2018.
One of the flagship products of the UN-Water Integrated Monitoring Initiative for SDG 6 is the SDG 6 Data Portal, which brings together data on all the SDG 6 global indicators and other key social, economic and environmental parameters, and tracks overall progress towards SDG 6 at global, regional and national levels: www.sdg6data.org