Assessments and case studies on water quality and water pollution in different regions and countries, including assessment of emerging pollutants (pharmaceuticals and microplastics)
IOM interventions contribute to the reduction of environmental pollution and safeguarding public health by implementing safe wastewater disposal solutions. IOM provides onsite wastewater solutions through decentralized wastewater treatment systems. For example, use of up-flow anaerobic filters in refugee camps in Bangladesh, waste stabilization ponds in displacement sites in South Sudan and trickling filters in Uganda. Currently these IOM wastewater treatment systems serve over 470,000 beneficiaries in Bangladesh, Uganda and South Sudan.
The UNEP Global Environment Monitoring System for freshwater (GEMS/Water) Data Center. Its objectives include collecting, controlling and providing water quality monitoring data and products for regional and global water quality assessments and decision-making on the subject. The Data Centre maintains the global water quality database and information system, GEMStat. GEMS/Water supports the SDG 6 with methodology support, data management, quality assurance, indicator calculation and capacity development.
Implementation of projects looking at managing plastic pollution in rivers and oceans through the production of regional policy guides.
WHO monitors safe treatment of wastewater through the Integrated Monitoring Initiative and the enabling environment for improvements in wastewater treatment and safe use through the UN-Water global analysis and assessment of sanitation and drinking-water (GLAAS). WHO also supports global progress towards improvements in treatment and safe use through the WHO Guidelines on Safe Use of Wastewater in Agriculture and Aquaculture and Guidelines on Safe Recreational Water Environments and promotion and capacity building on sanitation safety planning business models for safe resource recovery and reuse.
WHO also interfaces with health programmes where wastewater and ambient water quality plays a key role on primary prevention especially antimicrobial resistance and food safety.
5 parameters can support the Indicator 6.3.2 (and 6.6.1) monitoring and reporting