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The world met the MDG target for drinking-water

The world has met the target of halving the proportion of people without access to improved sources of water, five years ahead of schedule.

Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP), 2013
  

The number of people in urban areas without improved sanitation has increased

The number of people in urban areas without improved sanitation increased by 196 million people between 1990 and 2011 because of urban population growth.

Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP), 2013
  

Rural areas lag far behing urban areas in terms of sanitation

With only 47% of the rural population using improved sanitation, rural areas lag far behind urban areas where the rate is 80%. Seven out of ten people without improved sanitation live in rural areas.

Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP), 2013
  

1 billion people practice open defecation as of 2011

Open defecation rates have decreased from 24% in 1990 to 15% in 2011. Worldwide, 1 billion people practise open defecation, a decline of 244 million since 1990.

Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP), 2013
  

870 million people have gained access to improved sanitationbetween 1990 and 2011

Within the developing world (without counting India and China) in 2011,  870 million people have gained access to improved sanitation since 1990, but there is a 12% increase of population using unimproved facilities in this region for the same 21-year period.

Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP), 2013
  

Overall, the number of cholera cases for the decade 2000–2010 increased by 130% and may continue to increase

Overall, the number of cholera cases for the decade 2000–2010 increased by 130 %. With increasing populations living in peri-urban slums and refugee camps, as well as increasing numbers of people exposed to the impacts of humanitarian crises, the risk from cholera will likely increase worldwide.

World Water Development Report 2012
  

In Sub-Saharan Africa, treating diarrhoea consumes 12 percent of the health budget

In Sub-Saharan Africa, treating diarrhoea consumes 12 percent of the health budget. On a typical day, more than half the hospital beds in are occupied by patients suffering from faecal-related disease.

Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC)
  

Resourcing of the water, sanitation and hygiene sector is relatively low priority compared to other sectors

Resourcing of the water, sanitation and hygiene sector is relatively low priority compared to other sectors. In many countries, policies and programmes underemphasise adequate financing and human resource development to sustain the existing infrastructure and to expand access to sanitation, drinking-water and hygiene services.

UN-Water GLAAS, 2012
  

Diarrhoea is the leading cause of illness and death

Globally, diarrhoea is the leading cause of illness and death, and 88 per cent of diarrhoeal deaths are due to a lack of access to sanitation facilities, together with inadequate availability of water for hygiene and unsafe drinking water.

Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP)
  
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Last update:18 Sep 2014