Coordinating the UN's work on water and sanitation

Protecting the world’s largest tropical peatland

An agreement to save the Cuvette Centrale region in the Congo Basin, the world’s largest tropical peatlands, was recently signed.
Peatlands are wetlands that contain a mixture of decomposed organic material, partially submerged in a layer of water, lacking oxygen. The complex biodiversity of the peatlands means they are home to a variety of species, but their high carbon content makes them uniquely vulnerable to incineration if they are drained.

There is a lot at stake in the protection of these peatlands: the equivalent of three years of global greenhouse gas emissions are stored in the Congo Basin, emissions that could be released if the peatlands are degraded or the natural wetlands drained.

Learn more about the agreement here.