(Article from UNIDO): Chengdu is the provincial capital of Sichuan Province in southwest China. In 1964, there were just over one and half million inhabitants. Within twenty-five years, the population had exploded to over nine million.
When China’s grand economic reform kicked off in 1978, the economy started to grow rapidly. Across the country, population growth began to skyrocket and the strains on existing infrastructure started to increase proportionally.
Chengdu was one of many cities that began to suffer from water-supply shortages. There was an urgent need for new water facilities and the rehabilitation of existing ones.
In its search for a viable strategy to manage expenditures on infrastructure development and operation, the Chinese authorities turned to the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).